Antarctica

Antarctica is the Earth's southernmost continent, underlying the South Pole. It is situated in the Antarctic region of the southern hemisphere, almost entirely south of the Antarctic Circle, and is surrounded by the Southern Ocean. At 14.0 million km2 (5.4 million sq mi), it is the fifth-largest continent in area after Asia, Africa, North America, and South America. About 98% of Antarctica is covered by ice, which averages at least 1.6 kilometres (1.0 mi) in thickness.

Antarctica, on average, is the coldest, driest, and windiest continent, and has the highest average elevation of all the continents. Antarctica is considered a desert, with annual precipitation of only 200 mm (8 inches) along the coast and far less inland. There are no permanent human residents but anywhere from 1,000 to 5,000 people reside throughout the year at the research stations scattered across the continent. Only cold-adapted plants and animals survive there, including penguins, seals, nematodes, tardigrades, mites, many types of algae and other microorganisms, and tundra vegetation.

Although myths and speculation about a Terra Australis ("Southern Land") date back to antiquity, the first confirmed sighting of the continent is commonly accepted to have occurred in 1820 by the Russian expedition of Mikhail Lazarev and Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen. The continent, however, remained largely neglected for the rest of the 19th century because of its hostile environment, lack of resources, and isolation. The first formal use of the name "Antarctica" as a continental name in the 1890s is attributed to the Scottish cartographer John George Bartholomew.

The Antarctic Treaty was signed in 1959 by twelve countries. To date, forty-six countries have signed the treaty. The treaty prohibits military activities and mineral mining, supports scientific research, and protects the continent's ecozone. Ongoing experiments are conducted by more than 4,000 scientists of many nationalities and with various research interests.
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Antarctica Express 2022

8 Days/7 NightsSGLDBLTPLUSD 13273USD 12893USD 12784 ..

$12,892.50

Falklands ( Malvinas) & South Georgia 2022

                                                                                      15 days / 14 nights        &n..

$9,990.00

Ushuaia, Cape Horn & Falklands ( Malvinas) 2022

8 days / 7 nightsA chance to visit Cape HornThe Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)Combines perfectly with a visit to PatagoniaAboard Magellan ExplorerCodeStartEndTriplePortholeVerandaDeluxe VerandaPHSuitesGrandSuiteSGLKayHSMAG02-TFSeptember 24, 2022October 1, 2022$7995$4,995$5,595$5,995$6,995$11,995$9,995--Commission 10% ..

$4,995.00

Falklands (Malvinas), South Georgia & Antarctica 2022

19 days / 18 nightsA wilderness experience in the Southern OceanThe Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)Visit to South GeorgiaExplore the Seventh ContinentAboard Magellan ExplorerCodeStartEndTriplePortholeVerandaDeluxe VerandaPHSuitesGrandSuiteSGLKayHSMAG05-CHOctober 29, 2022November 16, 2022$ 22995$14,995$16,795$17,995$19,995$25,495$29,995$ 895Availa..

$14,995.00

Antarctica Full Day Program

You will be part of an unforgettable experience that will take you to one of the farthest points on Earth. The coldest, highest, windiest, driest and less populated continent. A continent that has been completely sunk by ice, which has not only shaped its topography, but has also influenced its evolution. This place is one of the only places on..

$8,696.25